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Guide to Types of Construction Projects

Construction is all about building of infrastructure. If we include materials and the work necessary for the construction, we are speaking of a construction project. Also included in a construction project are site preparation, foundations, mechanical and electrical work, and other works that are needed so that the project will be completed.

There are many different kinds of construction projects.

When the construction company builds houses, town houses, apartments, condos, cottages, single unit dwellings and subdivisions, we call them residential construction projects. The housing designs are done by an architect and an engineer, and it is executed by a contractor who hires subcontractor to do structural, electrical, mechanical, and other specialty work. There are local building authority regulations and codes of practice that this type of project must conform to. Residential projects are easy to enter into the real estate market and this is the reason why many builders would prefer residential projects. The real estate market is highly competitive with high risks but you can also get high rewards for it.
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When it comes to popularity, building construction comes out the first. In building construction, you add a building on a piece of property. Most of the projects are room additions and small renovations. Construction of new buildings often involved the building of sheltered enclosures with walk-in access for the purpose of housing people, equipment, machinery, or supplies. They also install utilities and equipment.
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There are varied types and sizes of institutional and commercial building construction. Hospitals and clinics, schools and universities, sports facilities and stadiums, large shopping centers and retail chain stores, light manufacturing plants and warehouses, and skyscrapers for offices and hotels are some projects that are included in institutional and commercial building projects. These buildings are designed by specialty architect and engineers that are hired. There are few competitors in this market segment because of the high costs and greater sophistication n of institutional and commercial buildings compared to residential construction projects.

Industrial construction makes up a small part of the construction industry. However, it is also a very important part of the industry. These projects are owned by big, for-profit industrial corporations. Manufacturing, power generation, medicine, petroleum, and others are part of this industry.

There are also specialized industrial construction projects that are large scale projects which are technologically complex and examples of these are nuclear power plants, chemical processing plants, steel mills, and oil refineries.

Highway construction involves construction, alteration, repair of roads, highways, streets, alleys, runways, paths, parking areas, etc. The highway construction project also includes all incidental construction.

Heavy construction projects usually involve projects that are not properly classified as either building or highway. Construction of water and sewer line projects, dams, sewage treatment plants and facilities, flood control projects, dredging projects, and water treatment plants and facilities.

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